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汽车专用名词英汉对照表(2)

类型type
发动机engine
内燃机intenal combusiton engine
动力机装置power unit
汽油机gasoline engine
汽油喷射式汽油机gasoline-injection engine
火花点火式发动机spark ignition engine
压燃式发动机compression ignition engine
往复式内燃机reciprocating internal combustion engine
化油器式发动机carburetor engine
柴油机diesel engine
转子发动机rotary engine
旋轮线转子发动机rotary trochoidal engine
二冲程发动机two-stroke engine
四冲程发动机four-stroke engine
直接喷射式柴油机direct injection engine
间接喷射式柴油机indirect injection engine
增压式发动机supercharged engine
风冷式发动机air-cooled engine
油冷式发动机oil-cooled engine
水冷式发动机water-cooled engine
自然进气式发动机naturally aspirated engine
煤气机gas engine
液化石油气发动机liquified petroleum gas engine
柴油煤气机diesel gas engine
多种燃料发动机multifuel engine
石油发动机hydrocarbon engine
双燃料发动机duel fuel engine
热球式发动机hot bulb engine
多气缸发动机multiple cylinder engine
对置活塞发动机opposed piston engine
对置气缸式发动机opposed-cylinder engine
十字头型发动机cross head engine
直列式发动机in-line engine
星型发动机radial engine
筒状活塞发动机trunk-piston engine
斯特林发动机stirling engine
套阀式发动机knight engine
气孔扫气式发动机port-scavenged engine
倾斜式发动机slant engine
前置式发动机front-engine
后置式发动机rear-engine
中置式发动机central engine
左侧发动机left-hand engine
右侧发动机right-hand engine
短冲程发动机oversquare engine
长冲程发动机undersquare engine
等径程发动机square engine
顶置凸轮轴发动机overhead camshaft engine
双顶置凸轮轴发动机dual overhead camshaft engine
V形发动机V-engine
顶置气门发动机valve in-head engine
侧置气门发动机side valve engine
无气门发动机valveless engine
多气门发动机multi-valve engine
卧式发动机horizontal engine
斜置式发动机inclined engine
立式发动机vertical engine
W形发动机w-engine
I形发动机I-engine
L形发动机L-engine
F形发动机F-engine
性能performance
二冲程循环two-stroke cycle
四冲程循环four-stroke cycle
狄塞尔循环diesel cycle
奥托循环otto cycle
混合循环mixed cycle
定容循环constant volume cycle
工作循环working cycle
等压循环constant pressure cycle
理想循环ideal cycle
热力循环thermodynamic cycle
冲程stroke
活塞行程piston stroke
长行程long stroke
上行程up stroke
下行程down stroke
进气行程intake stroke
充气行程charging stroke
压缩行程compression stroke
爆炸行程explosion stroke
膨胀行程expansion stroke
动力行程power stroke
排气行程exhaust stroke
膨胀换气行程expansion-exchange stroke
换气压缩行程exchange-compression stroke
止点dead center
上止点top dead center(upper dead center)
下止点lower dead center(bottom dead center)
上止点前budc(before upper dead center)
上止点后atdc(after top dead cetner)
下止点前bbdc(before bottom dead center)
下止点后abdc(after bottom dead center)
缸径cylinder bore
缸径与行程bore and stroke
空气室energy chamber
气缸余隙容积cylinder clearance volume
燃烧室容积combustion chamber volume
气缸最大容积maximum cylinder volume
压缩室compression chamber
排气量displacement
发动机排量engine displacement
活塞排量piston swept volume
气缸容量cylinder capacity
单室容量single-chamber capacity
容积法volumetry
压缩比compression ratio
临界压缩比critical compression ratio
膨胀比expansion ratio
面容比surface to volume ratio
行程缸径比stroke-bore ratio
混合比mixture ratio
压缩压力compression pressure
制动平均有效压力brake mean effective pressure(bmep)
空燃比air fuel ratio
燃空比fuel air ratio
燃料当量比fuel equivalence ratio
扭矩torque
单缸功率power per cylinder
升功率power per liter
升扭矩torque per liter
升质量mass per liter
减额功率derating power
输出马力shaft horsepower
马力小时,马力时horsepower-hour
总马力gross horse power
总功率gross power
净功率net power
燃油消耗量fuel consumption
比燃料消耗率specific fuel consumption
空气消耗率air consumption
机油消耗量oil consumption
有效马力net horse power
额定马力rated horse power
马力重量系数horsepower-weight factor
制动功率brake horse power
制动热效率brake thermal efficiency
总效率overall efficiency
排烟极限功率smoke limiting horsepower
功率曲线power curve
机械损失mechanical loss
机械效率mechanical efficiency
有效热效率effective thermal efficiency
充气系数volumetric efficiency
过量空气系数coefficient of excess air
适应性系数adaptive coefficient
扭矩适应性系数coefficient of torque adaptibility
转速适应性系数speed adaptive coefficient
强化系数coefficient of intensification
校正系数correction factor
换算系数conversion factor
活塞平均速度mean piston speed
发动机转速engine speed (rotational frequency)
怠速转速idling speed
经济转速economic speed
起动转速starting speed
最低稳定工作转速lowest continuous speed with load
最大扭矩转速speed at maximum torque
最高空转转速maximum no load governed speed
调速speed governing
超速overspeed
怠速idling
转速波动率speed fluctuation rate
工况working condition(operating mode)
额定工况declared working condition
变工况variable working condition
稳定工况steady working condition
空载no-load
全负荷full load
超负荷overload
部分负荷part load
充量(进气)charge
旋转方向direction of rotation
顺时针clockwise
逆时针counter-clockwise
左转left-hand rotation
右转right-hand rotation
外径major diameter
中径pitch diameter
内径minor diameter
径向间隙radial clearance
发动机性能engine performance
加载性能loading performance
起动性能starting performance
加速性能acceleration performance
动力性能power performance
排放性能emission performance
空转特性no load characteristics
负荷特性part throttle characteristics
调速特性governor control characteristics
万有特性mapping characteristics
稳定调速率steady state speed governing rate
气缸体和气缸盖cylinder block and head
气缸体cylinder block
整体铸造cast inblock (cast enblock)
发动机罩engine bonnet
气缸体加强筋engine block stiffening rib
气缸cylinder
(转子机)缸体stator
缸径cylinder bore
气缸体机架cylinder block frame
气缸盖cylinder head
配气机构箱valve mechanism casing
气缸体隔片cylinder spacer
气缸盖密封环cylinder head ring gasket
气缸盖垫片cylinder head gasket
气缸套cylinder liner(cylinder sleeve)
干式缸套dry cylinder liner
湿式缸套wet cylinder liner
气缸水套water jacket
膨胀塞expansion plug
防冻塞freeze plug
气缸壁cylinder wall
环脊ring ridge
排气口exhaust port
中间隔板intermediate bottum
导板guideway
创成半径(转子机)generating radius
缸体宽度(转子机)operating width
机柱column
燃烧室combustion chamber
主燃烧室main combustion chamber
副燃烧室subsidiary combustion chamber
预燃室prechamber
涡流燃烧室`swirl combustion chamber
分开式燃烧室divided combustion chamber
涡流式燃烧室turbulence combustion chamber
半球形燃烧室hemispherical combustion chamber
浴盆形燃烧室bathtub section combustion chamber
L形燃烧室L-combustion chamber
楔形燃烧室wedge-section combustion chamber
开式燃烧室open combustion chamber
封闭喷射室closed spray chamber
活塞顶内燃烧室piston chamber
爆发室explosion chamber
燃烧室容积比volume ratio of combustion cahmber
燃烧室口径比surface-volume ratio of combustion chamber
通道面积比area ratio of combustion chamber passage
曲轴箱通气口crankcase breather
凸轮轴轴承座camshaft bearing bush seat
定时齿轮室罩camshaft drive(gear)cover
曲轴箱检查孔盖crankcase door
曲轴箱防爆门crankcase explosion proof door
主轴承盖main bearing cap
气缸盖罩valve mechanism cover
飞轮壳flywheel cover
扫气储器scavenging air receiver
活塞piston
裙部开槽活塞split skirt piston
U形槽活塞U-slot piston
滚花修复活塞knurled piston
圆顶活塞dome head piston
平顶活塞flat head piston
凸顶活塞crown head piston(convex head piston)
凹顶活塞concave head piston
阶梯顶活塞step-head piston
筒形活塞trunk piston
椭圆形活塞oval piston
抗热变形活塞autothermic piston
不变间隙活塞constant clearance piston
镶因瓦钢片活塞invar strut piston
直接冷却式活塞direct-cooled piston
间接冷却式活塞indirect cooled piston
滑裙活塞slipper piston
活塞速度piston speed
活塞顶部piston head
活塞裙部piston skirt
整体活塞裙solid skirt
活塞裙扩大衬簧piston skirt expander
滑履式活塞裙slipper skirt
隔热槽heat dam
活塞标记piston mark
活塞销piston pin
活塞销孔piston pin boss
活塞销衬套piston pin bushing
全浮式活塞销full-floating piston pin
半浮式活塞销semifloating piston pin
固定螺钉式活塞销set screw piston pin
活塞环piston ring
组合式活塞环compound piston ring
同心活塞环concentric piston ring
偏心活塞环eccentric piston ring
自由环free ring
闭合环closed ring
梯形环keystone ring
半梯形环half keystone ring
矩形环rectangular ring
油环oil control ring
开槽油环slotted oil control ring
螺旋弹簧加载双坡口油环coil spring loaded slotted oil control ring
涨环expander
双坡口油环double bevelled oil control ring
内上坡口internal bevel top
内下坡口internal bevel bottom
边缘坡口油环bevelled-ege oil control ring
刮油环scrapper ring
钩形环napier ring
镀铬活塞环chrome plated piston ring
活塞衬环piston ring expander
活塞环槽piston ring groove
活塞环区ring zone
活塞环岸piston ring land
活塞环内表面back of ring
曲柄连杆机构connecting rod
中心曲柄连杆机构central-located connecting rod
偏心曲柄连杆机构offset connecting rod
铰接曲柄边杆机构hinged connecting rod
连杆connecting rod
连杆小头connecting rod small end
连杆大头connnecting rod big end
连杆杆身connecting rod shank
副连杆slave connecting rod
叉形连杆fork-and-blade connecting rod
主连杆main connecting rod
方形连杆boxed rod
绞链式连杆hinged type connecting rod
活节式连杆articulated connecting rod
连杆盖connecting rod cap
连杆轴承connecting rod bearing
曲轴crankshaft
整体式曲轴one-piece crankshaft
组合式曲轴assembled crankshaft
右侧曲轴right-hand crankshaft
左侧曲轴left-hand crankshaft
改变行程的曲轴stroked crankshaft
曲轴前端crankshaft front end
曲轴主轴颈crankshaft main journal
轴颈重叠度shaft journal overlap
圆角fillet
主轴承main bearing
曲轴止推轴承crankshaft thrust bearing
薄臂轴瓦thin wall bearing shell
曲轴油道crankshaft oil passage
曲柄crank
曲柄臂crank arm
曲柄销crank pin
轴套bush
曲柄转角crank angle
曲柄半径crank radius
抛油圈oil slander
角度轮degree wheel
动平衡机dynamic balancer
平衡重balancer weight
扭振减振器torshional vibration damper
扭振平衡器torsion balancer
谐振平衡器harmonic balancer
振动平衡器vibration balancer
曲轴链轮crankshaft sprocket
转子轴颈rotor journal
偏心轴eccentric shaft
曲轴箱crankcase
闭式曲轴箱通风装置closed-crankcase ventilating system
飞轮flywheel
飞轮齿圈flywheel ring gear
飞轮芯棒cantilever
飞轮芯轴flywheel spindle
飞轮的惯量矩flywheel moment of inertia
飞轮标记flywheel mark
当量系统equivalent system
当量轴长equivalent shaft length
一级往复惯性力reciprocating inertia force,1st order
二级往复贯性力reciprocating inertia force, 2nd order
离心惯性力centrifugal inertia force
配气机构valve gear
凸轮轴Camshaft
凸轮cam
整体式凸轮轴one-piece camshaft
组合式凸轮轴assembled camshaft
凸轮轴驱动机构camshaft drive
赛车用凸轮轴race camshaft
凸轮轴轴颈camshaft bearing journal
凸轮轴轴承camshaft bearing
凸轮轴偏心轮camshaft eccentric
凸轮轴链轮camshaft sprocket
凸轮轴正时齿轮camshaft timing gear
凸轮轴齿轮camshaft gear wheel
进口凸轮inlet cam
排气凸轮 exhaust cam
快升凸轮quick lift cam
快升缓降凸轮quick lift gradual clsing cam
凸轮轮廓cam contour
凸轮包角cam angle
凸轮升程cam-lobe lift
凸轮尖cam nose
凸轮从动件cam follower
齿轮传动机构gear drive
正时齿轮timing gear
链传动机构chain drive
链轮sprocket wheel
链轮盘chain sprocket
正时链条timing chain
带齿皮带toothed timing belt
链条张紧轮chain tension gear
半速齿轮half speed gear
正时齿轮刻印记号timing gear punch mark
气门valve
进气过程intake process
换气过程gas exchange process
扫气过程scavenging process
给气比delivery ratio
分层充气stratified charge
充量系数volumetric efficiency
涡流比swirl rate
进气涡流intake swirl
螺旋进气道进气helical duct intake
导流屏式气门进气masked valve intake
切向进气道进气tangential duct intake
进气紊流intake trubulence
进气提前角intake advance angle
进气持续角intake duration angle
进气迟后角intake lag angle
进面值time-area value
气门升程valve lift
气门正时valve timing
扫气口面积scavenging port area
菌形气门mashroom valve, poppet valve
钠冷却气门sodium filled valve(natrium cooled valve)
双气门dual valve
进气门intake valve (suction valve,inlet valve)
排气门exhaust valve
顶置气门overhead valve
侧置气门side valve
倾斜气门inclined overhead valve
直立气门vertical overhead valve
套筒式滑阀sleeve valve
气门机构valve gear
直接式气门驱动机构direct valve gear
间接式气门驱动机构indirect valve gear
气门杆valve stem
加大气门杆oversize valve stem
气门头valve head
气门工作面valve face
气门边限valve margin
气门弹簧座valve-spring retainer
气门锁片valve key
气门间隙调节螺钉valve lash adjusting screw
气门旋转器valve rotator
气门室valve cage
气门油封valve oil seal
气门口valve port
气门座valve seat
气门座镶圈(嵌镶式气门座圈)valve seat insert(valve seat ring)
气门座锥角valve seat angle
气门座宽度valve seat width
气门挺杆valve tappet(valve lifter)
液力挺杆hydraulic tappet(lifter)
无间隙挺杆zero-rush tappet (non-clearance tappet)
筒形挺杆barrel type tappet
油压挺杆ooil tappet
滚轮挺杆roller tappet(lifter)
挺杆转位tappet rotation
排气门挺杆exhaust valve lifter
气门导管valve guide
气门杆导管stem guide
气门重叠度stem overlap
气门开启持续时间valve duration
气门正时标记valve timing sign
气门弹簧valve spring
气门内弹簧inner valve spring
气门外弹簧outer valve spring
刚性缓冲弹簧stiff buffer spring
上紧弹簧energizing spring
防振气门弹簧non-surging spring
弹簧座圈spring retainer
蝶形弹簧belleville spring
滚柱roller
气门室盖valve chamber cover
摇臂rocker arm
高升程摇臂high lift rocker arm
摇臂轴rocker arm shaft
推杆push-rod
摇臂支架rocker arm bracket
气门摇臂室罩valve rocker chamber cover
导向轮guide wheel
导杆slide bar
导轨slide rail
张紧轮tensioning wheel
链条张紧调节装置assembly chain tension adjuster
张紧带轮tensioning pulley
传动带张紧装置belt tensioner
同步驱动皮带synchronous belt
同步驱动皮轮synchronous belt pulley
供油系fuel system
控制燃烧系统controlled combustion system
反湿气装置antipercolator
电子燃油喷射electronic fuel injection
蒸气回收装置vapor recovery system
燃油蒸气回收系统fuel vapor recovery system
液体回收装置liquid withdrawal system
恒量净化管constant purge line
碳罐净化管canister purge line
供油量fuel delivery
循环供油量fuel delivery per cycle
额定供油量rated fuel delivery
怠速供油量idling speed fuel delivery
供油规律fuel supply rate curve
油量调节装置fuel control unit
供油提前角fuel supply advance angle
进油计量inlet metering
几何供油行程geometric fuel delivery stroke
供油率fuel supply rate
燃油通道fuel gallery
有效行程effective stroke
剩余行程remainder stroke
变行程计量variable stroke metering
等容卸载constant volume unloading
变容卸载variable volume unloading
收缩容积retraction volume
燃油喷油装置fuel injection equipment
燃油喷射泵fuel injection pump
滚轮式燃油喷射泵roll fuel injection pump
凸轮轴式燃油喷射泵camshaft fuel injection pump
直列式燃油喷射泵in-line fuel injection pump
伺服式燃油喷射泵servo fuel injection pump
底部突缘安装燃油喷射泵base flanged mounted fuel injection pump
上部安装燃油喷射泵high flanged-mounted fuel injection pump
侧向安装燃油喷射泵side-mounted fuel injection pump
端部突缘安装式燃油喷射泵end flange-mounted fuel injection pump
V形燃油喷射泵vee fuel injection pump
脉动式燃油喷射泵jerk fuel injection pump
螺纹安装燃油喷射泵screw-mounted fuel injection pump
蓄能式燃油喷射泵accumulator fuel injection pump
往复式燃油喷射泵reciprocating fuel injection pump
驱动轴式燃油喷射泵driveshaft fuel injection pump
单缸式燃油喷射泵single cylinder fuel injection pump
圆柱式燃油喷射泵cylindrical fuel injection pump
旋转式燃油喷射泵rotary fuel injection pump
分配式燃油喷射泵distributor fuel injection pump
多缸燃油喷射泵multicylinder fuel injection pump
框架安装式燃油喷射泵cradle mounted injection pump
喷油始点fuel injection beginning
喷油终点fuel injection end
喷油持续角fuel injection duration angle
喷油延迟injection delay
引燃喷射pilot injection
启喷压力injection starting pressure
峰值喷油扭矩peak injection torque
峰值喷油压力peak injection pressure
喷油泵油缸数目number of cylinders of an injection pump
无气喷射solid injection
喷射正时injection timing
集中喷射group injection
喷油injector
整体式喷油器unit injector
喷嘴nozzle
轴针式喷嘴pintle type nozzle
环槽式喷嘴annular slot nozzle
孔式喷嘴hole type nozzle
长杆喷嘴long stem nozzle
孔板式喷嘴orifice plate nozzle
开式喷嘴open nozzle
闭式喷嘴closed nozzle
喷油提前器timing advance unit
喷射泵壳体injection pump housing
针阀needle
芯轴central spindle
喷嘴壳体nozzle body
针阀升程needle lift
喷嘴盖形螺母nozzle cap nut
喷油器壳体nozzle holder
突缘安装喷油器壳体flanged-mounted injection nozzle holder
燃油喷射泵传动装置transmision of an injection pump
喷嘴锥体nozzle hole cone
柱塞plunger
柱塞套barrel
柱塞行程plunger stroke
喷孔spray orifice
海拔控制器altitude control
提前器飞锤flyweight
喷孔长径比ratio of nozzle hole length nozzle diameter
喷嘴液动力特性nozzle hydrokinetic characteristics
动态相位dynamic phase
喷孔面积nozzle hole area
喷嘴流通特性nozzle flow characteristic
喷油背压injection back pressure
高压油管high pressure pipe
平均喷油扭矩mean injection torque
喷油总效率overall pumping efficiency
峰值喷油压力injection peak pressure
预行程prestroke
收缩行程retraction stroke

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来源:湖北江南江南专用特种汽车有限公司      时间:2009-4-14 9:37:26
 
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